Understand the Causes of Hair Fall and Control It

Hair loss is common problem that everyone faces at one point. Understanding the causes of it and following some home remedies might effectively control your hair fall.

How Much Hair Fall Is Normal?

Contrary to popular belief, hair fall is actually quite a normal phenomenon, where you lose up to 50 to 100 strands of hair each day. It is when start to lose more than that you need to worry. Hair fall, when it happens in its natural course, is backed by hair growth. But if the rate of hair loss exceeds the frequency of natural hair regrowth, it is a cause for concern. If you are losing hair in tufts and are unable to maintain volume, you should immediately consult a trichologist. Hair fall can lead to baldness, technically known as alopecia. It is characterized by the loss of hair from the head and body. With the latest advancements in technology, hair fall can be controlled and reversed to a great extent. In fact, there exist certain traditional hair growth home remedies that work in combating this problem.

Causes Of Hair Fall

Hair fall is caused due to many factors. They include:


Stress is a common problem these days faced by almost everyone. It can lead to several health problems ranging from a minor illness to life-threatening medical conditions. Studies have indicated that high level of stress is responsible for causing hair fall in most people.

Hereditary Causes

Hair fall that happens due to genetic reasons is also known as androgenetic alopecia. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, it is the most common cause of hair fall. This gene can be inherited from either of your parents' side of the family. You are more likely to suffer from hair fall if both your parents have suffered from it too.

Hormonal Imbalance

Hormonal imbalances caused due to menopause, pregnancy, and malfunctioning thyroid glands are also responsible for causing hair fall.

Unhealthy Food

Junk food is considered harmful because it hardly provides your body any nutrients and makes it vulnerable to health conditions. Eating junk food can lead to nutritional deficiencies which can cause hair fall and baldness. People with eating disorders are also likely to suffer from excessive hair loss.

Harsh Chemical Treatments

Harsh chemical treatments offered by salons, such as straightening and curling, can weaken your hair follicles when frequently done. This contributes to more hair fall. Blow drying your hair on a regular basis also contributes a lot to hair fall.


Dandruff is a common problem these days which can be easily treated. But if neglected, it can start turning into thick scaly patches, known as psoriasis. This long term skin problem is caused when the skin cells grow rapidly, leading to thick, white, silvery or red patches of skin.

Protein Deficiency

Our hair is made up of a protein called keratin. Deficiency of this protein in your diet can weaken your hair. This results in dry and brittle hair that breaks easily. This can also be a symptom of thyroid related issues, so consult your doctor.

Iron Deficiency or Anemia

Anemia is a common problem observed in women who do not have enough iron rich food. It is caused when the blood does not have enough red blood cells. These cells transport oxygen throughout your body, providing you the energy that you need. Anemia is a major cause of hair loss as hair follicles also require an adequate supply of blood for their growth and maintenance. Some other causes of hair fall are aging. Deficiency of vitamin B6 and folic acid, over styling, and thyroid diseases.

Tips to Control Hair Fall In Winter

Balanced Diet

  • A balanced diet goes a long way in maintaining the overall health, including hair health. To combat hair fall, it is important to incorporate a balanced diet.
  • Put greater emphasis on the intake of vitamins, calcium and iron as they can prevent hair fall to a great extent.
  • Insufficient protein and iron intake is one of the common causes of hair fall.
  • In addition to these, vitamins are also good for your hair.
  • Vitamin A, being an antioxidant, promotes healthy production of sebum in your scalp.
  • It stimulates blood circulation in the scalp, thus keeping your hair follicles productive.
  • The B vitamins aid in the production of melanin, which imparts a healthy color to your hair.
  • It also stimulates blood circulation.
  • Thus, having a balanced diet comprising of essential nutrients can significantly lessen hair fall.
  • Incorporate fish, green vegetables, iron rich fruits, milk and milk products in your diet.

Apply An Avocado Mask

  • Avocados are supposed to have lots of vitamins and minerals that can deep nourish the hair strands and treat dryness and hair fall.
  • A mask made of mashed avocados can be applied on the hair and left for 45 minutes before washing.
  • Follow it every 7 days to get the results.
  • Avocado can also be mixed with banana as one of the other masks for the same treatment.

Hot Oil Treatment

  • Massage your hair with lukewarm oil regularly at least once a week.
  • In addition to its inherent goodness, it will improve blood circulation in your scalp.
  • Always oil your hair from root to tip.
  • You can use almond, olive or coconut oil for your hair.
  • Massage your scalp with your hand for a couple of minutes.
  • Put on a shower cap for an hour and then shampoo and condition your hair as usual.
  • For greater effects, you can add a few drops of rosemary, lavender, bay or peppermint essential oils to almond or sesame oil base.

Keep your Scalp Clean

  • A dirty scalp is always prone to infections. Make it a point to regularly shampoo and condition your scalp with reliable products. Keeping your hair clean will prevent dandruff problems. It will also keep itching and hair lice at bay which are among the main causes of hair fall.
  • Besides washing, hair should be brushed properly.
  • You should also regularly trim your hair to prevent tearing of hair and avoid split ends.
  • Wide-toothed comb should be used.
  • Blow drying should be avoided as far as possible because the heat generated can cause damage to your hair.
  • Avoid combing wet hair immediately after having a bath.

Follow a Healthy Lifestyle

  • An unhealthy lifestyle is also one of the causes of hair fall. So it is important to incorporate a few changes to make it conducive for healthy hair growth.
  • Mental stress is one of the major contributing factors for hair fall.
  • Practicing meditation is a great way to ease mental stress and restore hormonal imbalance.
  • Proper sleep is also vital for overall health including hair health.
  • Using too much heat and chemicals on the hair should be avoided.
  • If you are using a hair gel, make sure you wash it off the very next day.
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol as much as possible.
  • By following the above natural hair growth remedies, you will definitely experience noticeable results. However, if none of these remedies are working, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist before the condition worsens. Certain medical treatments are also available, such as hair transplant, hair restoration, stem cell treatment and hair extensions. You can go for these procedures but only after proper consultation with your dermatologist.

Say No To Junk Food

  • It has been proven time and again that consumption of junk food can cause hair fall. Junk food contains excessive calories and no essential nutrients, which can eventually lead to hair loss (25). You can, instead, switch to including more of green leafy vegetables, protein-rich foods, and fruits in your diet.

Be Gentle With Wet Hair

  • Wet hair is more prone to breakage, which is why you must be gentle while handling it. The best way to dry wet hair is to pat it with a dry towel, instead of rubbing it harshly.
  • 8. Exercise Regularly
  • Regular exercise enhances blood circulation and improves the flow of oxygen to your scalp, thereby controlling hair fall. Ideally exercise for about 30 minutes a day, five times a week (26).

Stay Hydrated

  • Drinking sufficient water is one more way of keeping hair fall at bay (27). Owing to our busy and sedentary lifestyles, we seldom remember the importance of keeping ourselves hydrated. Drink about six to eight glasses of filtered water on a regular basis.
  • 10. Trim Your Hair Regularly
  • Split ends can also cause hair fall (28). To avoid this, keep trimming your hair periodically.

Avoid Steamy Showers

  • Hot water dehydrates the hair strands, making them brittle and vulnerable to breakage. Rinsing your hair with hot water also flushes out the essential oils of the scalp, which can lead to increased shedding of hair. You can, instead, go for a shower with lukewarm or normal water.

Stay Away From Hot Styling Tools

  • Exposing your hair to high temperatures can destroy the vital proteins and damage your hair's protective cuticles. When this happens, the moisture balance of your hair gets disrupted, making it susceptible to breakage.
  • Ideally, you can limit the usage of hot styling tools (including your blow-dryer) to not more than twice a week. Also, make it a point to apply a heat protection spray to reduce friction and protect your hair.

Don't Wash Your Hair Too Less (Or Too Much)

  • You can skip shampoo for a day, but make sure that doesn't become a habit. Not washing your hair for days together can lead to the accumulation of dirt, oil, and product residue that can clog the pores in your scalp.
  • On the other hand, washing your hair too often (washing every day) might remove the essential oils your scalp needs. The best you can do is wash your hair every two days, more so if you are prone to excessive sweating and use many hair products. Use a sulfate-free shampoo to prevent excessive dryness.

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